Time, Space and Immateriality

In the Universe something is moving and something is still. In this article I would like to give a brief hypothesis close to the philosophy of mind on the nature of space time and the immateriality of many states of what we call matter. The qualia, used in the philosophy of the mind, will be used to shed light on this little theory about the immaterial nature of matter and how it becomes it.

“It must be mentioned that even though I became interested in the idea underlying the developments discussed in this report based on mostly aesthetic motives, the actual reasons that later fueled my interest in developing a viable model around it were of a more pragmatic nature. In particular, I saw the need that existed, but that few authors recognized, to reformulate the current classical theory of gravitation in a way that would be consistent with the possibility for elementary particles to be found in the negative energy states allowed by special relativistic quantum theories. Indeed, I had come to understand that the current interpretation of negative energy states as merely being those of antiparticles whose behavior is identical to that of ordinary matter from a gravitational viewpoint, was dependent on the a priori assumption that only some of those energy states were allowed.” [1]

The states of matter can themselves be time and space having extension and movement, but everything can start from something with a small extension in space and a small energy that does not interact with anything else or can interact only in some cases.

“What emerges from my re-examination of the assumptions behind our current understanding regarding the possibility that particles may occupy negative energy states, is that we must first recognize that for any elementary particle there exists a fundamental degree of freedom related to the direction of propagation in time of its charges, including the gravitational charge, that is, including energy” [1]

If the material comes from immaterial entities such as “qualia”( see also Menas C. Kafatos Deepak Chopra, 2014) they can be added and subtracted in space-time understood as extension and movement in the most disparate ways and give life to what we call matter.

“In the introductory section of this chapter I mentioned that there are two broad aspects to what I call the inflation problem which are the flatness problem and the horizon problem. Here I would like to discuss the first category of difficulty which will be shown to be indissociable from what is known as the problem of matter creation. Despite the commonly held belief that those problems have been solved by inflation theory I think that it is still important to understand the difficulties they raise for cosmology, given that the validity of inflation has not yet been definitely confirmed and even if there occurred an initial phase of accelerated expansion it may not necessarily produce the desired outcome.” [1]

The flatness problem can be solved by thinking about the fact that at the beginning and even only as hypotheses there were only immaterial entities that were then condensed in the most disparate ways to form the matter.

“As I previously mentioned, the flatness problem arises from the fact that the present density of matter appears to be fixed to its critical value while we have no idea what the constraint is that would require such an extremely precise adjustment of parameters as would have to occur in the initial state at the big bang in order to produce the observed outcome. The problem arises from the fact that the initial rate of expansion is not a priori fixed as a function of the density of energy and the slightest deviation from the critical rate associated with a flat space would have given rise to an even larger deviation away from flatness at later times, while what we observe is a universe with an energy density that is still critical to a very good degree of precision.” [1]

From this point of view the bing bang theory could be a bad theory because it gives rise not to all the immateriality of many forms of non-condensed energy but their materiality.

“The truth, therefore, is that according to current knowledge, the big bang model, while mathematically consistent, is nevertheless incomplete, given that the initial conditions, it would seem, cannot be determined by the theory.” [1]

Starting from the immateriality of entities such as those, albeit with extension, movement and a small amount of energy, we can hypothesize that the material Universe of things may come from the substantially but not totally immaterial one.

The aspect that the Universe would have and would be very different and would be composed of qualities very similar to those of the human mind that once condensed would give life to all material bodies in various degrees of complexity. This would be a fascinating hypothesis and in my opinion worthy of evaluation.

Andrea Bucci
andrea.bucci@uniud.it

References

  1. Jean-Christophe Lindner, “Matters of Time Directionality in Classical Physics”, Université de Montréal, 2018 https://philpapers.org/rec/LINMOT-4.
  2. Andrea Pace Giannotta, “Color Relationism and Enactive Ontology”, Phenomenology and Mind, 14:56-67, 2018.
  3. Benjamin D. Young, Andreas Keller & David Rosenthal, “Quality-Space Theory in Olfaction”, Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 2014.
  4. Menas C. Kafatos, Deepak Chopra, “From Quanta to Qualia: How a Paradigm Shift Turns Into Science”, Philosophy Study, 4 (4), 2018.

Stock Photos from Tomertu / Shutterstock

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